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Facts About Eritrea | Eritrea Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Eritrea - Category: Introduction - Background: Eritrea was awarded to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea currently hosts a UN peacekeeping operation that is monitoring a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ which it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

Category: Government - Judicial branch: High Court - regional, subregional, and village courts; also have military and special courts

Category: People - Major infectious diseases: degree of risk: high; food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever; vectorborne disease: malaria (2008)

Category: Economy - Electricity - consumption (kWh): 216 million kWh (2006 estimate)

Category: Geography - Total renewable water resources (cu km): 6.3 cu km (2001)

Category: Transportation - Roadways (km): total: 4,010 km; paved: 874 km; unpaved: 3,136 km (2000)

Category: Communications - Internet users: 120,000 (2007)

Category: Military - Military service age and obligation (years of age): 18-40 years of age for male and female voluntary and compulsory military service; 16-month conscript service obligation (2006)

Category: Transnational Issues - Refugees and internally displaced persons: IDPs: 32,000 (border war with Ethiopia from 1998-2000; most IDPs are near the central border region) (2007)

Other random facts about Eritrea 

  1. Economy - Current account balance: -7 million (2008 estimate)

  2. Government - Executive branch: chief of state: President ISAIAS Afworki (since 8 June 1993); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government and is head of the State Council and National Assembly; head of government: President ISAIAS Afworki (since 8 June 1993); cabinet: State Council is the collective executive authority; members appointed by the president; elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); the most recent and only election held 8 June 1993 (next election date uncertain as the National Assembly did not hold a presidential election in December 2001 as anticipated); election results: ISAIAS Afworki elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - ISAIAS Afworki 95%, other 5%

  3. Economy - Electricity - consumption (kWh): 216 million kWh (2006 estimate)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook